This autochthonous white grape variety has been pressed since the Middle Ages and is grown exclusively in Spain. It is exceptionally undemanding and very robust, qualities which make it predestined for the hot, dry climate of Spain.
It is hardly surprising, then, that around a quarter of Spanish vineyards by area are planted with this variety. The robust vines are planted relatively far apart, which also contributes to the vast cultivation area.
Wines pressed from Airén are usually pale in color and present a rather neutral taste, as the berries hardly possess any flavoring agents. The alcohol content is higher, however, which is why the juice is often used as a base for spirits.